Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. Formicarius. Front Cover · Johannes Nider. Formicarius: Dialogus ad vitam christianam exemplo conditionum Formice Johannes Nider Full view -.
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Prior to the fifteenth century, magic was thought to be performed by educated males who performed intricate rituals. A Documentary History, 2nd ed. This complex system of using ants as metaphors for various aspects of Christian belief and practice is only really addressed in the first few lines of each chapter, after which Nider focuses on whatever theme he means to address with almost no further reference to ants.
Views Read Edit View history. The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna.
The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some. The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format.
Johannes Nider. Formicarius (The Ant Hill). Second edition… | Flickr
There were other books written about witchcraft before this. Nider was one of the first to transform the idea of sorcery to its more modern perception of witchcraft.
Witchcraft in Europe, Probably the most johanens one was written by French Inquisitor Bernard Gui around Additionally, each of the twelve chapters of each book was based on one of sixty conditions of ants’ lives. With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light formicariuus their earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. You can help Wikipedia by expanding for,icarius. University of Pennsylvania Press,p. Most of these accounts are representative of the late medieval religious atmosphere of what is now Switzerlandsouthern GermanyAustriaand the southern Rhineland.
Johannes Nider. Formicarius (The Ant Hill). Second edition, ca. 1484.
The work is further of note for its information regarding notably infamous figures of the kohannes, one of whom was the sorcerer Scavius, who reputedly escaped his enemies on multiple occasions by metamorphosing into a mouse. In Nider’s Formicariusthe witch is described as uneducated and more commonly female.
After the theologian would present these, formocarius student asks clarifying questions that Nider used to dispel what he saw as common misconceptions. Search Search using this query type: The teacher is a theologian who is clearly meant to be Nider himself, while the student is presented as a curious but lazy individual who is there primarily to prompt the theologian to recount contemporary stories related to the book’s many themes.
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Please see link for more information: Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only. According to Bailey, Nider was much more focused on reform in general, which was opposed by demons, who worked their opposition through subservient witches.
From Sorcery to Witchcraft: The treatise is organized the various forms and conditions of the lives of ants. This foormicarius between women and witchcraft would come to characterize much of the witchcraft hysteria of early modern Europe. The title is Latin for “the ant colony”, an allusion to Proverbs 6: Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons The Formicarius would have functioned as a kind of preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons.
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